Aim:To investigate the antimicrobial activity of a gel mixture
of γ-crotonolaktone and Zn-carnozine derivatives in vitro and
in vivo by examining its effects on healing of experimental
infected dermatome wounds in white rats.
Methods: The method of diffusion in agar was used to check the
antimicrobial activity of the test mixture using standard
organisms, including Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923),
Esherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(ATCC 27853), Enterococcus faecalis (6783), Bacillus subtilis
(ATCC 6633), and Candida albicans (ATCC 184). As screening
preparations, Myramistin-Darnytsa, Oflacin-Darnytsa,
Levomekol, 5% Syntomicine emulsion, and 10% methyluracil
ointment were used. An experimental wound was created using
the standard methods of Abdulaiv with the help of a rounded
stencil with a general area of 120 mm2
(diameter 12.5 mm). All animals (white rats weighing 180-220 g) were divided into three groups: control animals that received no treatment; a group in which the surface of the wound was covered with the new 2% mixture gel; and another group in which the surface of the wound was treated with Oflacin-Darnytsa ointment. The wounds were evaluated at 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, and 21 days after they were created. To determine the antimicrobial activity of the
treatments applied, material from the surface of the wound was
removed with a sterile tampon. After 24 hours of incubation,
the number of colonies was counted, and the result was the
number of colony-forming units per 1 nm 2
of wound.
Results: The test mixture showed high antimicrobial potential:
the least sensitivity was seen with cultures of S. aureus, with
inhibition of growth to 20.50±0.22 mm, while the greatest
sensitivity was seen with cultures of B. subtilis (25.33±0.42
mm). The in vitro testing showed that the new mixture was
superior to some modern preparations, such as MyramistinDarnytsa ointment and was practically identical in effectiveness
to Oflacin-Darnytsa ointment. Under in vivo conditions,
Staphylococcuss organisms disappeared after 7.9±0.73 days
with treatment with the new gel, while they disappeared after
9.8±0.63 days with Oflacin-Darnytsa ointment. In the control
group, in which the wounds healed over without external
interference, the microflora from the surface of wound
disappeared only after 12.7±0.48 days.
Conclusions:The positive results seen with this new mixture
suggest the need for further development and clinical research
of new preparations based on this mixture for the treatment of
infectious-mechanical damage of soft tissues and other similar

Повний текст:



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